On Civil Disobedience is another common title.
Chapter 1 Summary Cassie and her brothers, Stacey, Christopher-John, and Little Man, are walking to school on the first day of the school year, dressed in their Sunday best.
For this, the Logan children grow angry with him. A school bus filled with taunting white children speeds by, showering the children with red dust as it passes.
Jeremy, a white boy who is often beaten for walking to school with and associating with the Logans, soon joins them.
But as a group of white children including his sister runs past, he has to leave them, and head towards the Jefferson Davis County School, the white school, where the Mississippi state flag, with its confederate emblem, flies above the American flag.
Cassie, a fourth grader, is not eager to please her teacher, Miss Crocker. She is assigned a seat in the first row. She and the other students are surprised to learn that this year they will have books.
However, the books are very old and dirty; they are books no longer needed at the white school. This infuriates Little Man and Cassie, and they are both whipped for trying to refuse the books.
After school, Cassie runs to tell the trouble to her Mama, who is a teacher in the seventh grade.
But Miss Crocker is already there. Eavesdropping, Cassie hears her Mama agree with Miss Crocker that she should have punished her children for disobeying their teacher. At the same time, she takes white paper and glues it over the inside cover of the children's books, hiding the table that showed that the books used to be used by white students and were now issued to "nigras.
Cassie and Little Man are two of the most important characters, and in this chapter we see their proud spirit. It is clear that the Logan parents have raised their children to have self-respect, regardless of their race.
When Miss Crocker is about to whip Little Man, Cassie goes to his defense, showing the way the family sticks together.
Cassie shows the teacher that the county school board has written "nigra" in the book, a term she finds offensive.
But Miss Crocker replies that that is what Cassie is. Miss Crocker is complacent, but the Logan children are proud of their color and will not tolerate insults. This kind of behavior, in which you have to break school rules in order to stand up for a higher good, is often known as "civil disobedience.
This book is full of details that indicate the racism that the black citizens of Spokane County, Mississippi must endure.
The bus incident not only shows that the White children enjoy seeing the black children covered with dust, it also emphasizes the fact that the black children have to walk to school. In fact, Cassie says, some children have to walk so far that they drop out of school. These children do not get an education because they do not have buses to take them to school.
Furthermore, the Mississippi state flag carries the "stars and bars" in its upper left corner, symbolizing regret that the Civil War was lost and that slavery was made illegal.
Clearly, the government of Mississippi is at least partly racist. This fact is underlined by the poor quality of the textbooks given to the black school.It is thought that this night in jail prompted Thoreau to write Civil Disobedience.
Thoreau delivered the first draft of the treatise as an oration to the Concord Lyceum in , and the text was published in under the title Resistance to Civil Government.
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Below you will find a select list of literary reference titles available to you at Middletown Thrall Library. Since these books cannot be borrowed, they are always available to researchers at the library.
Civil Disobedience (), by Henry David Thoreau, is an essay in which Thoreau examined the responsibilities—especially the moral responsibilities—of the democratic citizen.
In this essay, Thoreau relates his experience of being imprisoned for not paying tax.
Andrew Clements is the author of the enormously popular barnweddingvt.com than 10 million copies of his books have been sold, and he has been nominated for a multitude of state awards, including two Christopher Awards and an Edgar Award. A summary of Chapter 1 in Mildred D. Taylor's Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.