Research reports are challenging for middle school students because the formal nature of research is generally introduced in the middle grades.
Many students are introduced to report writing and research in middle school. Though each school will require different report components, the Common Core State Standards, a national set of standards that were developed by a consortium of states, set some specific goals that middle school students should meet by the time they move to high school, from generating questions to editing their work.
Answer a self-generated question Middle school students should move toward independence in determining their own thoughts about a subject, as opposed to summarizing the ideas of others or answering a teacher-generated question.
For example, an English teacher might ask a middle school student to write a report that analyzes characters in a story.
A student might narrow the assignment and form a thesis that considers which character had the greatest impact on the plot of the story. Generate an opinionated central point Every report needs to have a central point, known as a thesis, claim or topic.
A middle school student should be able to articulate their main point in any report, both in written and oral form. This main point must contain a perspective and not be simply a statement of fact. For example, a middle school history student might have to offer their opinion on which 20th century war was most significant.
A thesis could be: This evidence could be based on research or personal observations, such as an experiment done in science class. For example, evidence to support the history thesis mentioned earlier could include the shift of power that occurred during World War II, a discussion of the partitioning of Germany after the war, and a review of the events of the Cold War.
A student could use their history textbook and primary source documents as sources. Cite sources to avoid plagiarism Middle school students should avoid plagiarism by citing sources throughout their report.
This should include paraphrasing, summarizing and using textual examples.
For example, some believe they can include a list of sources without indicating which parts of their essay came from those sources. Parents and teachers should check with students to make sure they understand what plagiarism is. Conduct thorough revision Reports should be edited several times before they are submitted to a teacher for critique.
The Common Core State Standards suggest self, peer and adult editing before a report is graded. Editors should focus on determining if the question has been answered, the evidence is strong, sources have been correctly cited and the student has followed the standard conventions of English grammar and spelling.Created Date: 9/17/ AM.
Middle school is a growing season where students begin to find their voice and gain an understanding of crafting a lengthier research report. Because these students are beginning their writing career, a simple yet educational template should be put in place to teach the basic elements of writing a paper.
Research reports are challenging for middle school students because the formal nature of research is generally introduced in the middle grades. Students are intimidated by the requirements asked of them, which include the structure of the report, especially if it is a nonfiction topic such as a history essay or a laboratory experiment.
Middle school is a growing season where students begin to find their voice and gain an understanding of crafting a lengthier research report. Because these students are beginning their writing. Creating an outline - Lesson 7.
Robin Daugherty from King's Ridge Christian School, Ga. Location: Research Paper Objective: The students will use research note cards to make an outline for their research paper.
Middle school research paper topics should as well be revised for interest and purpose. Keep in mind that you must have a personal interest in the topic you intend to write.
Avoid writing on a topic simply because it is an academic requirement.