Smoking factors

Health Articles July 19, In spite of being aware that smoking is a dangerous habit many people get hooked on to cigarettes.

Smoking factors

Contact Smoking factors How smoking affects the heart animation. Cigarette smoking accounts for about one-fifth of all deaths from heart disease in the United States. Smokers have a two- to fourfold increase in coronary artery disease and about a 70 percent higher death rate from coronary artery disease than do nonsmokers.

Smoking is a major risk factor for heart disease. Smoking And Your Health Most people associate cigarette smoking with breathing problems and lung cancer. But smoking is also a major cause of cardiovascular heart and blood vessel disease.

According to the American Heart Association, cigarette smoking is the most important preventable cause of premature death in the United States, accounting forof the more than 2.

Smoking is a major cause of atherosclerosis — a buildup of fatty substances Smoking factors the arteries.


Atherosclerosis occurs when the normal lining of the arteries deteriorates, the walls of the arteries thicken and deposits of fat and plaque block the flow of blood through the arteries. In coronary artery disease, the arteries that supply blood to the heart become severely narrowed, decreasing the supply of oxygen-rich blood to the heart, especially during times of increased activity.

Extra strain on the heart may result in chest pain angina pectoris and other symptoms. When one or more of the coronary arteries are completely blocked, a heart attack injury to the heart muscle may occur. In peripheral artery disease, atherosclerosis affects the arteries that carry blood to the arms and legs.

As a result, the patient may experience painful cramping of the leg muscles when walking a condition called intermittent claudication. Peripheral artery disease also increases the risk of stroke.

There is no safe amount of smoking.

Smoking factors

Smokers continue to increase their risk of heart attack the longer they smoke. People who smoke a pack of cigarettes a day have more than twice the risk of heart attack than nonsmokers. Women who smoke and also use oral contraceptives birth control pills increase several times their risk of coronary and peripheral artery diseases, heart attack and stroke, compared with nonsmoking women who use oral contraceptives.

What other medical conditions are linked with smoking?

What is tobacco?

There are 4, other chemicals of varying toxicity, including 43 known carcinogens. Decreased oxygen to the heart and to other tissues in the body Decreased exercise tolerance Increased blood pressure and heart rate Damage to cells that line coronary arteries and other blood vessels Increased risk of developing coronary artery disease and heart attack Increased risk of developing peripheral artery disease and stroke Increased risk of developing lung cancer, throat cancer, chronic asthma, chronic bronchitis and emphysema Increased risk of developing diabetes Increased risk of developing a variety of other conditions including gum disease and ulcers Increase tendency for blood clotting Increased risk of recurrent coronary artery disease after bypass surgery Increased risk of becoming sick especially among children: Cigarette smoke does not just affect smokers.

When you smoke, the people around you are also at risk for developing health problems, especially children. Environmental tobacco smoke also called passive smoke or second-hand smoke affects people who are frequently around smokers.

Second-hand smoke can cause chronic respiratory conditions, cancer and heart disease. If you quit smoking, you will: According to the American Heart Association, smokers who quit between ages add an average of years to their lives.

Smokers who quit between ages increase their life expectancy by 1 — 4 years. Reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease. Quitting smoking reduces the risk of repeat heart attacks and death from heart disease by 50 percent or more.

Quitting smoking also reduces your risk of high blood pressure, peripheral artery disease and stroke. Reduce your risk of developing a variety of other conditions including diabetes, lung cancer, throat cancer, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, chronic asthma, ulcers, gum disease and many other conditions.

Look and feel better.Cut down the number of cigarettes you smoke each day until you stop smoking completely. For example, if you smoke 20 cigarettes each day, cut down to 10 per day for two to three days.

For example, if you smoke 20 cigarettes each day, cut down to 10 per day for two to three days. So you’ve decided to quit smoking.


It’s one of the best things you can do to improve your health and add years to your life. It’s not easy — but you can do it. You’re more likely to quit for good if you prepare for your last cigarette and the cravings, urges and feelings that come with quitting.

Smoking tobacco is part of many societies and cultures. It is also a major cause of many diseases, including cancers. There are many factors that play significant roles in influencing people to smoke, but the most common ones appear to be peer pressure, family history of smoking and the tobacco industry's advertising and media campaigns .

Read a secondary analysis of interview data from the Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health on factors that are either protective against smoking or increase the risk for smoking in adolescent girls.

Cigarette smoking is the number one risk factor for lung cancer. In the United States, cigarette smoking is linked to about 80% to 90% of lung cancers.

Recommended Reading

Using other tobacco products such as cigars or pipes also increases the risk for lung cancer. Tobacco smoke is a toxic mix of more than 7, Smoking is a major risk factor for heart disease and heart attacks.

WebMD provides tips for quitting cigarettes.

Smoking and Your Heart | National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)