The reference to Latin corresponds with the fact that as a by product of colonisation the languages now spoken in these countries are Latin based.
That is because its main regions—Mexico and Central America, the Caribbean, and South America—have many different kinds of populations and traditions. In fact, Latin America consists of more than thirty countries. Each has its own historical and cultural experiences. This diversity makes Latin American art difficult to define.
But one common trait can be identified. It is the presence of three distinct cultural heritages: Indian, European, and African. Their sophisticated cultures later blended with the traditions brought by the Europeans. On the other hand, in the Caribbean and eastern South America, native populations were small or destroyed by the invaders and colonizers.
Europeans imposed their traditions with little resistance in these areas. Africans, brought there as slaves by the Europeans, also greatly affected the culture.
This blending of cultures is an important characteristic of Latin American art. European immigrants and Latin American artists studying abroad brought in newer international artistic trends. These were combined with the arts of the various nations.
They were transformed at the local level into something new and original. Difficult economic and political conditions have often limited the work of Latin American artists. Nevertheless, they have continuously made significant contributions to world art.
After the Spanish subdued the native peoples, they divided the conquered lands into four colonies, or viceroyalties. At the same time, the Portuguese founded the viceroyalty of Brazil.
The Spanish set out to control the native populations and convert them to Christianity. Churches were built on the ruins of native temples, taking advantage of the spiritual importance of these sites for the Indians.
This led to associations between Christian saints and native gods. Churches were often decorated with figures that combine pagan and Christian characteristics. The Plateresque Style The Spanish forced large numbers of native peoples to convert.
This led to a need for bigger churches.Latin America has many historical blessings (art, culture, sociability, natural resources, creativity), but it was not predestined for democracy. It is no accident that countries that have established strong, representative democracies, such as Chile, have progressed.
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|Latin American Art and Architecture | Scholastic ART | barnweddingvt.com||See Article History Latin American art, artistic traditions that developed in Mesoamerica, Central Americaand South America after contact with the Spanish and the Portuguese beginning in andrespectively, and continuing to the present.|
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|Citing [email protected]||This practice is particularly prevalent in Bolivia and Brazil. This region dominates much of southern Argentina and Chile and is ideal for the raising of cattle.|
find a better way of life, or to use resources in the US that are unavailable in Latin America When did most Latin American countries gain their independence? Haiti; by the mids, most had gained independence three Native American empires of Latin America.
Maya, Aztec, and Inca. used glyphs. Mayan. Tikal.
greatest of the Mayan. Latin America has seen wars, dictators, famines, economic booms, foreign interventions and a whole assortment of varied calamities over the years.
Each and every period of its history is crucial in some way to understanding the present-day character of the land. Latin American artists from the eighteenth century on to the present day depict on their canvases the everyday life of Latin America.
Landscapes, people, neighborhoods, food and festivities in all different art forms and brushstrokes and colors are given life by these artists to show their love for their fellow countrymen, culture and identity.
Imperial prohibitions proved unable to stop the flow of potentially subversive English, French, and North American works into the colonies of Latin America. Creole participants in conspiracies against Portugal and Spain at the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th century showed familiarity with such European Enlightenment thinkers as Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Montesquieu, and Jean-Jacques .
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