Early life[ edit ] Family and education[ edit ] Born on 11 April at Leptis Magna in present-day Libya as the son of Publius Septimius Geta and Fulvia Pia Septimius Severus came from a wealthy and distinguished family of equestrian rank. He had Italian Roman ancestry on his mother's side and descended from Punic — and perhaps also Libyan — forebears on his father's side. His mother's ancestors had moved from Italy to North Africa ; they belonged to the gens Fulviaan Italian patrician family that originated in Tusculum. Severus's maternal cousin was the praetorian prefect and consul Gaius Fulvius Plautianus.
Early life[ edit ] Family and education[ edit ] Born on 11 April at Leptis Magna in present-day Libya as the son of Publius Septimius Geta and Fulvia Pia Septimius Severus came from a wealthy and distinguished family of equestrian rank.
He had Italian Roman ancestry on his mother's side and descended from Punic — and perhaps also Libyan — forebears on his father's side. His mother's ancestors had moved from Italy to North Africa ; they belonged to the gens Fulviaan Italian patrician family that originated in Tusculum.
Severus's maternal cousin was the praetorian prefect and consul Gaius Fulvius Plautianus. He spoke the local Punic language fluently, but he was also educated in Latin and Greekwhich he spoke with a slight accent. Little else is known of the young Severus' education but, according to Cassius Diothe boy had been eager for more education than he had actually got.
Presumably Severus received lessons in oratory: Nevertheless, it appears that Severus' career during the s met with some difficulties. At the end of Severus was of the required age to become a quaestor and journeyed back to Rome. The Antonine Plague had thinned the senatorial ranks and, with capable men now in short supply, Severus' career advanced more steadily than it otherwise might have.
Before he was able to leave Africa, Mauri tribesmen invaded southern Spain. Control of the province was handed over to the Emperor, while the Senate gained temporary control of Sardinia as compensation.
Thus, Septimius Severus spent the remainder of his second term as quaestor on the island of Sardinia. The elder Severus chose his cousin as one of his two legati pro praetorea senior military appointment. Marciana's name suggests Punic or Libyan origin, but nothing else is known of her.
Septimius Severus does not mention her in his autobiography, though he commemorated her with statues when he became Emperor. The Historia Augusta claims that Marciana and Severus had two daughters, but no other attestation of them has survived.
It appears that the marriage produced no surviving children, despite lasting for more than ten years. The Historia Augusta relates that he heard of a woman in Syria of whom it had been foretold that she would marry a king, and so Severus sought her as his wife.
Her father, Julius Bassianusdescended from the royal house of Samsigeramus and Sohaemus and served as a high priest to the local cult of the sun god Elagabal. Pertinax was acclaimed emperor, but he was then killed by the Praetorian Guard in early Nearby legions, such as X Gemina at Vindobonasoon followed.
Having assembled an army, Severus hurried to Italy. Julianus was condemned to death by the Senate and killed.
He executed Pertinax's murderers and dismissed the rest of the Praetorian Guardfilling its ranks with loyal troops from his own legions. At the same time Severus felt it was reasonable to offer Clodius Albinusthe powerful governor of Britanniawho had probably supported Didius against him, the rank of Caesarwhich implied some claim to succession.
With his rear safe, he moved to the East and crushed Niger's forces at the Battle of Issus. Afterwards Severus declared his son Caracalla to be successor, which caused Albinus to be hailed emperor by his troops and to invade Gallia. After a short stay in Rome, Severus moved north to meet him.
Depicted is Roman territory purple and Roman dependencies pink.Septimius Severus (Latin language: Lucius Septimius Severus Augustus  11 April – 4 February ), also known as Severus, was Roman Emperor from to Severus was born in Leptis Magna in the province of barnweddingvt.com: 4 February (aged 65), Eboracum (today York, England).
Apr 11, · His first visit to Rome was around CE during the reign of Marcus Aurelius and Lucius barnweddingvt.com was protected by his cousin Caius Septimius Severus and entered the Roman Senate in CE.
When his cousin went to Africa as a proconsul around CE, he chose L. Septimius Severus to be his legatus. The Life And Reign Of The Emperor Lucius Septimius Severus [Maurice Platnauer] on barnweddingvt.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
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This work was reproduced from the original artifactAuthor: Maurice Platnauer. ancient Rome: Septimius Severus the closest to Rome, appointed Septimius Severus in May Severus soon had to face two competitors, supported, like himself, by their own troops: Pescennius Niger, the legate of Syria, and Clodius Albinus, legate of Britain.
Lucius Septimius Severus. Lucius Septimius Severus () was a Roman emperor.
His reign is notable for the militarization of the government, growing Oriental influences in society, and high development of civil law..
Severus was an African from Leptis Magna. Life Early life. Left: Bust of Septimius Severus, Caracalla's father Right: Bust of Publius Septimius Geta, Caracalla's brother During the reign of Septimius Severus, The Edinburgh Companion to Ancient Rome and Greece: Late Antiquity.
Edinburgh University Press.
Magie, David (). Roman Rule in Asia Minor. Princeton University Press.