They're good for much more than just being the smile in a smiley face, though. Learning how to properly use the crescents atop your 9 and 0 keys can add a whole new dimension to your writing. The following is as comprehensive a list as of parenthetical uses as I could come up with. If I'm missing one, be sure to let me know!
Colons, semicolons and dashes are perhaps the three most misunderstood punctuation marks in the English language. Imagine that the first letter of each word is its head.
Now imagine both words doing a head-stand. The Os in the words are the dots. The semicolon has the two dots with a bunch of extra letters at the bottom, forming a sort of tail.
Check out the YourDictionary Punctuation Jungle infographic for an easy-to-understand visual explanation. At the end of an independent clause a group of words that could feasibly stand alone as a complete sentence that is followed by a list. This is the perfect example. When you are introducing a formal statement or a quotation, you can use a colon in much the same way you would use a comma to do the same job.
Simple non-essential information can also be formatted using long dashes, When using parentheses for this purpose, always preface your list with “e.g.” or other clarifying text. its logical ambiguity and nonstandard grammar preclude it from use in formal scholarly writing. Finally, when writing a paper or other scholarly text. If the writing is for a textbook to be read by university students and professors, the writing should be (in most situations) considered formal. However, if the writing is a letter to a friend, or perhaps dialogue in a novel, the writing may be considered informal. Section Punctuation Format and. Abbreviations. Parentheses. Parentheses, em dashes, and commas serve similar purposes but differ in one impor- ematical and other specialized writing, and are not interchangeable with parentheses signals a stronger but less formal break. As with a colon, the em dash introduces. explanatory.
The only difference is that the colon emphasizes the statement or quotation more strongly. My 9th grade Sunday School teacher always told gave us this advice: The power company turned off your electricity for one simple reason: In the salutation of a formal business letter, use a colon rather than a comma.
When you write the time, of course, you use a colon. Semicolon ; We use semicolons to separate two independent clauses that are not joined by a conjunction for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so.
These independent clauses are always closely related, but the second is not usually an explanation or clarification of the first. Often the second independent clause will begin with what is called a conjunctive adverb however, moreover, additionally, therefore, thus, consequently, otherwise, etc.
If you have a list, and some or all of the items in the list have commas in them, then separating the items with additional commas is just terribly confusing. Separate them with semicolons instead. The meeting attendees included Mrs.
Perkins, the kindergarten teacher; Mr. Shumate, the sixth grade teacher; Ms. Wallace, the PE teacher; and Mrs. Also, if you have two independent clauses that each include several commas, you can join them with a semicolon and a conjunction.
When you go to the conference, you will hear presentations on research and development, implementation, and management; and you will meet people from New York, New Jersey, Connecticut and Massachusetts.
Dash — Think of a dash as the punctuation you need when you interrupt yourself.Use abbreviations and acronyms if you are certain your reader understands them. In formal writing, avoid informal emoticons and abbreviations often found in personal email, Twitter, etc. project or program with an abbreviation or acronym in parentheses or set off by dashes.
Section Punctuation Format and. Abbreviations.
Parentheses. Parentheses, em dashes, and commas serve similar purposes but differ in one impor- ematical and other specialized writing, and are not interchangeable with parentheses signals a stronger but less formal break.
As with a colon, the em dash introduces. explanatory. Parentheses, em dashes, and commas serve similar purposes but differ in one impor- tant respect: parentheses can set off only nonessential elements, but em dashes can set off both essential and nonessential elements.
Please, in formal writing, do not use 1. journalese, or talk-show language: “Turgenev takes the old father-and-son scenario and puts a new spin on it.” 2. the language of popular psychology, also known as psychobabble: “Chekhov’s heroes are all in denial, especially the anal.
10 Tips for Using Abbreviations Correctly Guidelines for Using Abbreviations in Formal Writing. Share Flipboard Email Print FAQ is an initialism for frequently asked questions. (Don Bayley/Getty Images) Punctuation Pointers: How to Use Semicolons, Colons, and Dashes. Capitalization: Definition, Guidelines and Examples.
Acronyms and abbreviations are not the same. An acronym is the first letter of each word in a set that by themselves form a pronounceable word; Mothers Against Drunk Drivers,MADD. An abbreviation is the same, but does not form a word; Central Intelligence Agency, .